Autism is defined as abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication, as well as markedly restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities manifested prior to three years of age. Problems which are experienced in these areas must fit a specific pattern of disturbance that is outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-5).
The revision in the DSM-5 introduces two fundamental changes in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder.
- It collapses previously distinct autism subtypes, including autistic disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, and Asperger’s syndrome, into one unifying diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
- The three symptom domains of social impairment, communication deficits, and repetitive/ restricted behaviors will become two: social communication impairment and repetitive/restricted behaviors.
Links for Information on Autism & Services Available
Definition and Eligibility Criteria for Autism Services through SCDDSN
Autism is defined as abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication, as well as markedly restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities manifested prior to three years of age. Problems which are experienced in these areas must fit a specific pattern of disturbance that is outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Information Needed to Determine Eligibility
Social information relevant to developmental history, a valid evaluation using state-of-the-art assessments and medical and psychological records that pertain to a possible diagnosis are needed.
Types of Services and Support Available
DDSN contracts with local Disabilities and Special Needs (DSN) Boards and other providers to bring an array of services to your community. Services are provided based on the needs of the consumer, the appropriateness of the service to meet the need, and the availability of funding. Services may be limited by the availability of a service provider in your community.
Services Available Exclusively to People with Autism
- consultation for families, educators and service providers
- evaluations for eligibility determination
- training for professionals and families
- treatment planning and planning for families
Additional Individual and Family Supports and Services for Children and Adults
- service coordination
- early intervention services
- genetic evaluation, treatment and counseling services
- stipends for day care (through ABC block grant) and transportation
- individualized summer services and camps
- adult companion services
- adult dental services
- adult vision services
- audiology services
- behavioral support services
- environmental modifications
- personal care services
- nursing services
- occupational therapy services
- physical therapy services
- prescribed drugs
- private vehicle modifications
- psychological services
- respite care
- specialized medical equipment, supplies and assistive technology
- rehabilitation support services
Day Services for Adults
- support employment services
- center-based pre-vocational, habilitation or rehabilitation support services
- mobile work crews or enclaves
- a variety of residential settings which offer varying levels of supervision and supports to meet the needs of each individual.
Services and supports for people with autism may be funded through the Intellectual Disability/Related Disabilities (ID/RD) Waiver, the Medicaid State Plan, and/or the Individual and Family Support Funding.
This information was prepared to give you some general information on the law. It is not intended as legal advice about any particular problem. If you have questions about the law you should consult a lawyer. If you do not know a lawyer, you can call the South Carolina Bar Lawyer Referral Service weekdays between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. The number is 799-7100 in Richland or Lexington Counties, and 1-800-868-2284 from other parts of the state.